On July 1st, 2015, recreational cannabis will be legal in the state of Oregon under Measure 91. WhatsLegalOregon.com has been set up to spread legal information put into effect by Measure 91, including limitations that every citizen should know. Oregon has been very prudent so far in setting new laws and regulations for legal cannabis, which is actually very positive for a state that does not want to run into the same problems that other states have encountered with emerging legal cannabis industries. Today, Smoke Reports will review the benefits of Measure 91, explain all of the limitations, and touch on the future of the Oregon cannabis industry. Measure 91 (full text here) does not interfere with Oregon’s existing medical cannabis program, and those interested in consuming cannabis recreationally should be fully aware of penalties for obtaining, producing, possessing, and distributing even legalized cannabis.
Personal Possession and Use
Plants Per Property or Housing Unit: 4
Public Use: No
|Possession Limits||Flowers||Edibles and Products||Extracts***|
|Legal Possession at Home||Eight (8) Ounces||Sixteen (16) Ounces Solid, or Seventy-Two (72) Ounces Liquid||One (1) Ounce|
|Legal Possession in Public||One (1) Ounce||Sixteen (16) Ounces Solid, or Seventy-Two (72) Ounces Liquid||One (1) Ounce|
*** Cannabis extracts must be purchased from a licensed retailer. Production and possession of homemade cannabis extracts are illegal in all amounts.
Like Colorado and Washington, it will be legal for people over 21 to possess and consume cannabis at home or on private property. Public use will still be illegal, and individuals under 21 possessing or consuming cannabis can still receive misdemeanors and felonies. Each residence (single households or individual housing units) can possess up to eight ounces of “usable marijuana” (cannabis flowers ready to be smoked) inside their homes, and each individual can be in possession of up to 1 ounce in public. Public consumption will still be illegal. Driving under the influence of cannabis will still be illegal, although the language within Measure 91 only states that the OLCC (Oregon Liquor Control Commission) must research the relationship between THC and impaired driving before defining the terms for cannabis DUI tests in Oregon.
Growing and Distributing Cannabis
|Flowers||Edibles and products||Extracts|
|Delivering Noncommercial, Homemade Cannabis||One (1) Ounce||Sixteen (16) Ounces Solid, or Seventy-Two (72) Ounces Liquid||Homemade Extracts Illegal|
In addition to the limit of 8 ounces per household, each residence is also permitted to grow up to 4 plants, as long as they are out of public view. These provisions are intended to make homegrown cannabis prevalent, and reduce the need for a black market. It is illegal to sell homegrown cannabis, and the maximum amount that can be distributed for noncommercial purposes (as a personal gift between individuals over 21) is 1 ounce of cannabis flowers, 16 ounces of homemade products (not including flowers or extracts) in solid form, or 72 ounces of products in liquid form. It is illegal to produce homemade cannabis extracts, and it is illegal to distribute cannabis as a prize for any competition or raffle. Cannabis cannot be distributed to intoxicated persons, or given to persons under the age of 21, even on private property. Cannabis cannot be taken in or out of Oregon, meaning that legal cannabis products and flowers from neighboring states like Washington and California cannot be purchased and brought back to Oregon for for either commercial sale or personal consumption.
Future of Cannabis in Oregon
Personal cannabis use in Oregon will go into effect this Wednesday (7/1/15), however, the legal cannabis industry will have to be patient when it comes to opening up shop. The OLCC will begin distributing cannabis business licenses on January 4th of 2016, and only then will companies begin to operate under the legal regulations for recreational cannabis in Oregon. This means that it could be several more months until recreational dispensaries are available for consumers, and some estimate fall of 2016 as being the opening of recreational cannabis retailers. In the meantime, consumers should understand the limitations of Measure 91, and make smart decisions to stay on the legitimate side of cannabis in Oregon. There is also some talk that recreational cannabis sales could piggy-back on existing medical dispensaries in Oregon, until the recreational industry has been better established.