Tag: cultivation (page 1 of 14)

How Much Cannabis Does California Grow? $23 Billion Worth, According to New Infographic

Kurt Snibbe has put together a wonderful infographic on California cannabis that simply needs to be shared. The data, like most in the cannabis space, is only a portion of the bigger story, but the graphic does a wonderful job visualizing the existing impact and influence that cannabis already has on California’s agricultural economy.

The goal of the infographic is to show the scale at which cannabis cultivation in California compares with the rest of our agricultural production, both within the state and throughout the rest of the country.


Spoiler alert: California grows quite a bit of cannabis. Actually, the evidence points to the fact that California is the largest producer of cannabis each year by a long shot.

While the data is revealing, it is weighted on certain estimates that may be too high (or too low). For instance, total plant cultivation is being extrapolated from the total number of plants seized from national forests in the year 2013.

Plants Seized in National Forests, 2013

Plants Seized in National Forests, 2013

Cannabis production has likely increased since 2013, and the confiscated plants from public land do not give us an accurate idea of how many plants are being grown on private land. Some estimates of the number of California cannabis operations fall between twenty and fifty thousand. Not plants, but the farms themselves!

The estimated market size is also a product of great estimation, but once again it is not clear which side of the pendulum we are leaning when guesstimates are made. According to the United Nations World Drug Report, law enforcement confiscates between ten and twenty percent of drugs produced.


Based on the California confiscation rates in 2015 (2.64 million plants), there could have been at least 13.2 million plants grown in total, of which 11 million were not seized. These numbers are actually low on the scale of estimates.

If the number of plants grown during California’s 2015 season was above 10 million, then based on the going rate for a pound of cannabis (between 1500 and 2000 dollars), Snibbe estimates California’s cannabis production may be worth roughly 23 billion dollars, wholesale!

Once again, these estimates are very broad and deserve a more in-depth look, but Snibbe is able to get the message across. California is the leading cannabis economy in the world.


Not only do we produce more cannabis than any other single American state four times over, we also create nearly four times as much value from cannabis production as we do from milk, and five times as much money as we get from our combined almond production.


In fact, out of 47 billion dollars in cash farm receipts from 2015, Snibbe estimates that half was from cannabis production. All of the images used in this article are screenshots from the original infographic, available below and on the OC Register web resources.


For the most up to date info on Cannabis Reports, follow us on Twitter, and like us on our Facebook page. If you see that we overlooked an event this past week in cannabis, please join the discussion in the comment section below, or through our social media links.

Another Week in the World of Cannabis: June 17th, 2016

Cannabis is emerging from the shadows of prohibition. Every week, there are advancements in many fields related to cannabis. Cannabis Reports will be re-capping the weekly events of the cannabis community and industry, so that you can stay up-to-date on the latest developments.

Senate Appropriations Committee

This past Thursday, the Senate Appropriations Committee passed an amendment 16-14 that would keep federal agencies from using funds to punish financial institutions that accept cannabis business deposits. ChDvzDRW0AEl1cE The approval of this measure means that the Senate floor will now discuss cannabis banking for the next Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2017. Banking has been one of the most prohibitive aspects of the shift toward legitimate cannabis. Financial institutions risk losing their federal accreditation if they work with businesses that operate in the cannabis industry. o4ckhz-b88668945z.120160320095634000gcsff1cr.10 This is because cannabis is still classified by the DEA as being a Schedule I drug, with a high potential for abuse and absolutely no known medical benefit. Cannabis Reports lists 628 studies that pertain to 138 conditions, all of which point to the opposite.

Colorado Bans Appealing Gummies

House Bill 1436 was signed by Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper, outlawing cannabis-infused edibles that may be appealing to children. Specifically, the law prohibits edibles that “resemble the form of a human, animal, or fruit.”

These types of restrictions could effect many manufacturers who have built brands based on these types of treats. Policymakers have argued that cannabis edibles in playful forms are more likely to be mistaken by children for a regular treat.

Proposed Colorado Edible Cannabis Warning (source)

Proposed Colorado Edible Cannabis Warning (source)

The law goes into effect this July 1st, and Colorado has also instituted a regulation to mark all cannabis edibles with a distinct mark that intends to dissuade children from accidental ingestion.

Microsoft Enters Industry

Microsoft has entered the cannabis industry by partnering with Kind Financial, whose software Agrisoft is meant to rival other “seed-to-sale” traceability softwares. KIND-Launches-Government-Division-with-Microsoft-Corp-061616-center-top-1024x512 The New York Times quoted Kimberly Nelson, executive director of state and local government solutions at Microsoft, as saying: “As the industry is regulated, there will be more transactions, and we believe there will be more sophisticated requirements and tools down the road.” 160616145740-kind-david-dinenberg-540x304 Compliance has been a major issue for cannabis regulators as the industry finds its legitimacy. Many softwares, such as Metrc, MJ Freeway, and BioTrackTHC, have signed contracts with states in which commercial cannabis sales for medical or recreational use have been permitted.

Baltimore Ravens Drop Eugene Monroe

The Baltimore Ravens have dropped offensive tackle Eugene Monroe under dubious circumstances. Earlier this year, Monroe donated a substantial amount to cannabis research, and publicly supported cannabis as an alternative to the opioid epidemic that plagues veteran NFL players. AP_827866436534 John Harbaugh, coach of the Baltimore Ravens, has claimed that the team’s motive to distance themselves from Monroe is purely a “football move.”

Harbaugh, perhaps acting as a conduit for the Ravens’ notoriously dramatic front office, pointed to the recent draft of tackle Ronnie Stanley and also noted that Monroe has had problems with injuries as of late. On the other hand, Harbaugh said he believes Monroe is a fantastic player who will have no problem finding a home on a different NFL team. So why then did the Ravens so hastily drop Monroe? The decision to trade was announced earlier this week, with a firm cut deadline of Thursday. John-Harbaugh-Ray-Rice-February The New York Giants are reported as saying (very pointedly) that their organization does not judge players on personal opinions. Many experts are wondering if NFL commissioner Roger Goodell applied pressure on the Baltimore Ravens due to the league’s stifling stance on cannabis.

University of MO says no to MJ T-shirt

NORML’s campus chapter at the University of Missouri at Columbia is arguing that their first amendment rights have been violated after they were denied the ability to sell T-shirts featuring a cannabis leaf.

Mizzou's Censorship Supposedly Stems from the Use of the School's Trademark (source)

Mizzou’s Censorship Supposedly Stems from the Use of the School’s Trademark (source)

The MU chapter for the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws was intending to sell the T-shirts in an attempt to raise money. They even put in effort to seek permission from their school’s administration, but only received a rejection letter in response, which they intend to review.

Hunters, conservationists sue CA

Mendocino County is being taken to court by the Mendocino County Blacktail Association for permitting increased cannabis cultivation without properly conducting research on the environmental impacts. The Blacktail Association paints themselves as wildlife conservationists intent on preserving the rich environmental culture of Mendocino County. See the photos from their website below: Screen Shot 2016-06-17 at 9.19.27 AM Screen Shot 2016-06-17 at 9.19.07 AM The lawsuit is a result of an urgency ordinance that allows permitted cultivators up to 99 plants per parcel, rather than the 25 plant limit that still exists for non-permitted cultivators. According to the The Press Democrat, a local news source for Mendocino county: “The county adopted interim rules because a permanent ordinance had been delayed by the admitted need for an environmental impact report.” IMG_2031 So basically the county is being sued for implementing an interim ordinance as they conduct a study on the environmental ramifications of increased cultivation.

Upcoming Cannabis Events

cannabis_world_congress_and_business_expo1_360_360 Cannabis World Congress and Business Expo – (New York, NY: June 15-17) The 2nd Annual Cannabis World Congress and Business Expo is the leading forum for doing business in one of the fastest growing industries in the United States. If you’re employed in the cannabis industry, a current business owner, interested in starting a cannabis business, provide private equity & investment resources, or provide professional or business services, this is an event you can’t afford to miss. 1464549677977 High Times Cannabis Cup – (San Francisco, CA: June 18-19) HIGH TIMES is returning to the Cow Palace on June 18 – 19 for the 2016 NorCal Medical Cannabis Cup. This is the 7th Annual HIGH TIMES Medical Cannabis Cup in the Bay Area, the longest running of all HIGH TIMES U.S. Cups. HIGH TIMES Editors will be conducting seminars with leading experts of local and national fame and visiting VIPs in the newly expanded VIP lounge. Over 400+ vendors will be on hand to educate and entertain an already record crowd. CBSExpo_2016-1 NCIA’s Cannabis Business Summit – Oakland, CA: June 20-22) Make Your Voice Heard: The ONLY event where you will have an opportunity to meet with national policy makers and influencers as they converge with the leading trade association shaping the cannabis economy. Network with 3,000 of your peers – including growers, dispensaries and infused makers product manufacturers. 15% off tickets by using code: “REPORTS15” Your exposure to the highest concentration of legitimate buyers and sellers in America’s fastest growing industry, all in one place. Gain knowledge in 30+ sessions with over 75 speakers to bring you up to speed on the rapid changes of your industry. new_g__header THC Fair – (Fairbanks, AK : June 25) You’ll find hemp and cannabis products, accessories and tools, grow and harvest equipment and more in our amazing expo hall. Then, take in some great sessions on growing, medicinal benefits, prop 91 and more! https-_2f_2fcdn.evbuc.com_2fimages_2f20226505_2f83343844451_2f1_2foriginal Cannabis Charity Open – (Denver, CO: June 26) Premium Pete’s Cannabis and High Rollers dispensary are partnering with The Hemp Connoisseur Magazine to host the Cannabis Charity Open benefiting the Denver Colorado AIDS Project (DCAP). As part of an industry born by the will of the voters, it is important to give back to the community. By sponsoring the charitable golf tournament in Denver, they hope to help those affected by HIV/AIDS to live healthier, more comfortable lives.

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CRESCOlabs.com: Concentrates 101

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For the most up to date info on Cannabis Reports, follow us on Twitter, and like us on our Facebook page. If you see that we overlooked an event this past week in cannabis, please join the discussion in the comment section below, or through our social media links.

The Ultimate Cannabis Reading List: 8 Books for a Solid Cannabis Education

Quality information is helping to drive the cannabis movement forward. However, cannabis literature is often overlooked due to the massive amounts of articles and resources online. This needs to change, because some of the most useful information available to the cannabis community and industry is ink printed on paper.


The following eight books cover a broad spectrum of the literature that is available today. The authors are some of the most renowned and respected individuals in the cannabis space, and their expertise can help everyone better understand cannabis culture, history, and science.

The Big Book of Buds by Ed Rosenthal (Series)

One of the most well-known cannabis books series is Ed Rosenthal’s The Big Book of Buds (2001). There are currently four volumes with additional manuscripts being prepared for publication as you read this article.


The Big Book of Buds is an incredible look at the diversity of cannabis varietals, including growing characteristics and insights into the general chemotypical qualities one can expect from their cannabis strains.


Rosenthal is a cannabis pioneer and has served as a cultivator, an author, and an activist for several decades. He is currently an extremely popular speaker and presenter at cannabis industry events across the country.

The Cannabible by Jason King (Series)

The Cannabible (2001) is another series of books that showers the cannabis plant with love. The author, Jason King, was disappointed by the lack of cannabis varieties being presented to the mainstream enthusiast. The Cannabible series contains three volumes, all packed with photos of strains and their parent genetics.


An interesting note is that both The Big Book of Buds and The Cannabible have evolved as better cannabis information was made available to the public. While many readers have pointed out discrepancies in the earlier volumes of both series, the information has been the backbone of cannabis genetics since the early 2000s.

Marijuana Horticulture by Jorge Cervantes

Jorge Cervantes, author of Marijuana Horticulture: The Indoor/Outdoor Medical Grower’s Bible, is an incredibly respected cannabis expert. Cervantes has traveled around the world, learning about cannabis strains firsthand from diverse groups of people, and has since recombined all of the techniques to master the art of cannabis cultivation.


Cervantes has long been a staple in the cannabis competition community as well, and his explanations of evaluating cannabis have been viewed across the web hundreds of thousands of times. Marijuana Horticulture covers everything from grow room setups to fertilizer use, disease and pest prevention as well as hash making.

The Emperor Wears No Clothes by Jack Herer

Jack Herer is probably one of the most famous figures from the early days of cannabis. Sensi Seeds has even dedicated a strain to his prolific work for cannabis.


Herer first published The Emperor Wears No Clothes: Hemp and the Marijuana Conspiracy in 1985, and over ten editions have been re-released since that time.

Jack Herer with His Favorite Plant

Jack Herer with His Favorite Plant

The book is one of the oldest and most quoted manuscripts associated with modern cannabis in America. Herer does a fantastic job of documenting the historical uses of cannabis and how they have shaped our evolving society.

Thai Stick by Peter Maguire and Mike Ritter

Peter Maguire and Mike Ritter are certainly qualified to write about the international cannabis trade in the 1970s; they lived it. Thai Stick: Surfers, Scammers, and the Untold Story of the Marijuana Trade is the thrilling and often hilarious account of their adventures traversing the cannabis economies from Bangkok to the Hindu Kush mountains.


Thai Stick does a wonderful job of entertaining readers while simultaneously providing an in-depth look at how landrace strains found their way to California. Genetic strains from places like Thailand, Colombia, and Afghanistan have shaped the thousands of modern cannabis strains available today.

The Cannabis Health Index by Uwe Blesching, PhD

The Cannabis Health Index by Uwe Blesching, PhD, is one of the most comprehensive reviews of clinical cannabis studies available anywhere. Blesching is currently a contributing PhD author for Cannabis Reports, and has amassed hundreds of additional studies for the medical database on our site (which is currently listing 590 studies for 135 conditions between 1971 and 2016).


Blesching reviews each study as it relates to a particular condition, disease or symptom. Individually, studies are assigned a CHI value that averages the type of study with the key findings to produce a user-friendly reference for the value of evidence provided by the study.

Blesching also includes valuable information that addresses healing beyond just cannabis. Mind-body medicine, holistic attitudes, and nutritional examinations of spices are also included.


As Blesching loves to say: “Cannabis is not a silver bullet. In order to heal, you need to consciously address all of the things that may have contributed to your getting sick in the first place.”

Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany by Robert C. Clarke and Mark Merlin


Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany sets a true baseline for cannabis education. Robert C. Clarke and Mark D. Merlin address many of the discrepancies that plague cannabis information today, including but not limited to:

  • Historical Uses of Cannabis
  • The Migration of Cannabis
  • The Cannabis Origin Story
  • Early Cultivation and Selective Breeding
  • Cultural Diffusions of Cannabis
  • Ethnobotanical History and Modern Context
  • Modern Cultivation and Hybridization
  • The Classical and Molecular Taxonomy of Cannabis
  • The Overall Impact of Cannabis and Humanity

Clarke and Merlin back up each of their statements with authoritative references in what is one of the first complete accounts of where cannabis came from and how it got to where it is today.

Handbook of Cannabis, Edited by Roger Pertwee

Handbook of Cannabis is a very serious scientific text. Along with contributing authors Ethan Russo, Marnie Duncan, and Wayne Hall, editor Roger Pertwee addresses cannabinoid science and applications in pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and beyond.


This handbook (read: textbook) is a phenomenal reference guide for any individual or organization that wants to back up their reasons for participating in the cannabis industry. It is certainly not an easy read, but the information combining therapeutic targets and sought-after effects is worth the time for anyone devoted to medical cannabis.

More Cannabis Literature Available

These eight texts provide cultivators, doctors, educators, and enthusiasts with valuable cannabis information, but they are certainly not the only examples. If you would like some guidance exploring a specific type of cannabis genre, be it cultivation techniques, legal history, or endocannabinoid science, the Cannabis Reports team is happy to help.


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